However, pairing as a way to share knowledge can sometimes be dangerous. I recently had a learning experience for how not to do paired programming.
I was given the task to update a web service that was created by a sibling development team. The story was split into multiple tasks.
I was paired with a person from the other dev team for one of the tasks. I'll call him Adam. We made our changes, and our unit tests gave coverage for what we were able to test. Everything worked as we expected.
I was paired with another person for the next task. I'll call him Bob. This is where the paired programming started to transform into pear shaped programming.
Lesson 1: Strive for consistency, or at least a common vision.
Try to avoid pairing with multiple people on one story as a way to learn about a new system unless each person has a good idea of what the overall user story is covering.
The problem that occurred was that Adam and Bob only knew about the work in the specific task where they paired with me. There was a dependency on code from the first task where I paired with Adam that wasn't completely obvious when working on the code for the second task where I paired with Bob. All of the unit tests that we created for both tasks passed, and the bit of manual integration testing we did appeared to pass. However, there was a bit of code that needed to be updated when working on the task with Bob that was missed. This probably would have been noticed by Bob had he been more aware of what the changes were for the task I worked on with Adam.
Lesson 2: Make your pairing partner accountable.
Make sure that the person you are pairing with attends your scrum.
Bob treated the situation as though he was doing a bit of side work, and would pull other tasks to work on. We should have both been solely focused on the one task until it was accepted as done and ready to ship. Bob might have been more likely to stick with the task and treat it as work that has his name attached to it if he had attended our scrums. I should have said something, but I also treated the situation as though Bob was just helping out instead of being an equal partner.
The result of the misguided pairing was that we shipped a bug to production. We spotted the bug and were able to fix it before it could impact customers, but it took time from us being able to work on other tasks.
Lesson 3: Do your homework.
If your name is attached to some work, then make sure you understand the code you are touching well enough to explain it to someone else. Don't assume that the person you are pairing with is not going to miss some bit of code that needs to be updated just because they are familiar with the code.
I should have made sure that I knew how every bit of code worked that I was touching, and how the code was being called. If I had, then I would have caught the missing code change. Instead I accepted quick explanations from people already familiar with the code, and assumed that I was "learning" what was important. What I had done was basically the same as listening to a teacher talk about a topic, but not bothering to do any homework to make sure that I understood what was being said.